Gary Warrick

Photo of Gary Warrick, Wilfred Laurier University

Gary Warrick

Gary Warrick received an Honours B.A. in Anthropology, McMaster University, followed by an M.A. in Archaeology, Simon Fraser University. He graduated with a Ph.D. in Anthropology from McGill University in 1990. He worked for ten years as Regional Archaeologist with the Ontario Ministry of Transportation and accepted a teaching position at Brantford Campus, Wilfrid Laurier University when it opened in 1999.

He teaches in Indigenous Studies and History and his current research is collaborative archaeology with the Huron-Wendat, researching the ecological history and interaction of the Huron-Wendat with 17th century Europeans.

He has also conducted archaeological research in collaboration with Six Nations of the Grand River and the Mississaugas of the New Credit on 18th and 19th century sites, and he has carried out community archaeology and oral history (accounts of 19th century and 20th century Bushman occupation) research in the Mnweni Valley, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

2016 Forum

First Nations and the Arrival of Europeans 1500-1800 A.D.

This presentation will summarize the archaeological and historical information on the First Nations occupation of the Bruce Peninsula from 1500 – 1800 A.D. Archaeologists view the Bruce Peninsula as part of the larger territory of Anishinaabe peoples, called the “Ottawa” or “Odawa” in the early 17th century. The Odawa were first encountered at the mouth of the French River by Samuel de Champlain in 1615 and were subsequently visited by French traders and missionaries. They were close trading partners and allies with the Tionontate (Petun) and Huron-Wendat, and archaeology has demonstrated that most Odawa used Huron-Wendat pottery and some even lived in longhouse settlements.

After the 1649-1651 warfare with the Haudenosaunee (Five Nations Iroquois), the Odawa and other Anishinaabeg temporarily left the Bruce Peninsula and some Odawa joined the Huron-Wendat and other Anishinnabe peoples to form the Wyandot. By 1690, Anishinaabeg, ancestral Saugeen Ojibway, had returned to the Bruce Peninsula, living in hunting and fishing settlements and participating in the fur trade. The relative archaeological invisibility of 18th century hunting and gathering peoples in southern Ontario makes it difficult to find material evidence to fill out the meager historical record of First Nations life on the Bruce Peninsula in historic times. There is no evidence of European settlers on the Bruce Peninsula until the mid-19th century.

 

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